The Montgomery Bus Boycott

The Montgomery Bus Boycott was held in protest of the arrest of Rosa Parks, a local seamstress, for failing to surrender her seat to a White passenger on December 1, 1955.  Though few of them owned cars, working Black citizens refused to ride the city buses until they were integrated, and their battle led them to the United States Supreme Court.

When the High Court declared the segregation of public buses unconstitutional, more than a year later, Montgomery’s Black citizens walked their way into American history and birthed a spirit of non-violent mass resistance that would sweep the nation.

The Montgomery Improvement Association

The Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) was organized by Montgomery, Alabama ministers and leaders on December 5, 1955 after the overwhelming success of a one-day boycott of black citizens who refused to ride the segregated city buses. The MIA with its president, Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., a young and largely unknown Southern Baptist pastor, led citizens in a 382-day standoff with the City of Montgomery in opposition to its segregationist policies. The MIA continues its works 60 years later working for equality and fairness for all citizens.

Celebrating 60 Years of Action:


The public is invited to share memories and memorabilia to be included in the Montgomery Improvement Association’s Bus Boycott archives.

Personal stories may be shared in writing or as oral histories. Historical photographs, documents or other items from this pivotal moment in the country’s history are also of great interest.

For more information about being a part of the MIA’s Memories of the Boycott, please call 334-833-1950.

Images Courtesy of the Montgomery Advertiser